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1830 - Revolutions in France, Poland etc.
1834 - Slavery abolished throughout theBritish Empire.
1837 - Queen Victoria begins her reign.
1832 - Inauguration of the Rideau Canal
1834 - York becomes Toronto
1837 - The Mackenzie uprising in Toronto
1838 - Execution of Lount and Mathews, who were leaders of the uprising.
1838 - Acadia University founded.
1839 - Lunenburg granted free port status.
1839 - The Sampson, one of Atlantic Canada's first steam locomotives, goes into service between Albion Mines and Pictou harbour.
1830 - Invention of the sewing machine.
1836 - Haliburton's Clockmaker.
1837 - Daguerre's first daguerreotype; invention of the electric telegraph.
1838 - First state portrait of Queen Victoria by Sir George Hayter.
1840 - The Penny Black, the world's first adhesive stamp, issued in Britain.
1844 - Texas annexed to the U.S.
1845 - Terrible famine in Ireland .
1846 - Corn laws repealed in Great Britain.
1846 - U.S. war with Mexico .
1840 - Act of Union of the Canadas .
1841 - Union of the Canadas with the capital in Kingston.
1844 - Montreal the capital of Canada.
1849 - Burning of the parliament building in Montreal; Toronto becomes the capital.
1840 - Carbonear riot in Newfoundland.
1842 - Charles Dickens visited Halifax.
1846 - Abraham Gesner distilled oil from coal (kerosene) and tested it in a lighthouse in Halifax harbour.
1847 - Reform victory in Nova Scotia.
1848 - Nova Scotia becomes the first British Colony to win responsible government.
1840 - Samuel Cunard starts the first regular mail steamers between Britain and America.
1840 - Painter Claude Monet born; sculptor Auguste Rodin born.
1841 - Sir James Clark Ross explores the antarctic and discovers Ross Ice Shelf and Mt. Erebus.
1846 - Richard Redgrave painted The Sempstress.
1850 - Gold is discovered in Australia.
1851 - The Great Exhibition in London.
1852 - Napoleon III (nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte) becomes Emperor of France.
1854 - Commander Perry forced a trade treaty on Japan.
1854 - 1856 Crimean War.
1857 - Indian Mutiny.
1858 - The Crown takes over company administration of India.
1858 - Mainland British Columbia becomes a separate Crown colony.
1859 - Quebec the capital; start of government buildings inOttawa.
1851 - Nova Scotia issued its first postage stamp.
1854 - Nova Scotia held an industrial exhibition at Province House.
1855 - Newfoundland ratifies reciprocity; responsible government there and in P.E.I.
1855 - Adolphus Gaetz begins writing his diary about events in Lunenburg.
1858 - Governor Earl Mulgrave and his wife visited Lunenburg.
1850 - Founding of the Reuters news agency.
1851 - Sir Edwin Landseer painted The Monarch of the Glen.
1851 - Invention of the rotary printing press.
1853 - Vincent van Gogh born.
1854 - Otis invents the hydraulic elevator.
1854 - Florence Nightingale arrived in Scutari in the Crimea and set about improving hospital conditions.
1859 - Darwin publishes The Origin of Species.
1860 - Abraham Lincoln elected U.S. President; beginning of the U.S. Civil War.
1861 - Prince Albert (Queen Victoria 's husband) died of typhoid.
1863 - Battle of Gettysburg marks the turning point of the Civil War.
1864 - Founding of the International Red Cross.
1865 - End of the U.S. Civil War; freedom for all slaves; President Abraham Lincoln assassinated.
1866 - First transatlantic telegraph cable laid.
1867 - U.S. purchases Alaska from the Czar.
1869 - Wyoming gives the vote to women; Suez Canal completed.
1864 - Charlottetown conference on Confederation.
1865 - Province of Canada votes for Confederation and its ministers go toLondon.
1866 - The Westminster conference on Confederation.
1867 - London votes through the British North America Act; Confederation inaugurated July 1st with John A. Macdonald the first Prime Minister.
1869 - Canada purchases the North-West Territories.
1863 - Conservative victory installs pro-Confederation Tupper government in Nova Scotia.
1864 - Free School Act passed.
1865 - First Academy built in Lunenburg.
1865 - Newfoundlanders reject Confederation.
1866 - 584 km of railway track laid in the Maritimes.
1866 - Tupper pushes Confederation through in Nova Scotia.
1868 - A wave of secessionism in Nova Scotia led by Joseph Howe. 1869 - Velocipede craze reaches Lunenburg.
1861 - Invention of the velocipede; Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management published.
1864 - Alfred Nobel invents nitroglycerine.
1865 - First manufacture of reinforced concrete.
1866 - Nobel discovers dynamite; Dostoievsky's Crime and Punishment.
1868 - Discovery of helium.
1869 - The first manufacture of margarine.
1870 - The fall of Napoleon.
1873 - Dr Livingstone died in Africa.
1874 - Founding of the International Postal Union.
1877 - Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India.
1878 - Foundation of the Salvation Army.
1870 - Manitoba becomes the fifth Province; British Columbia joins the Confederation.
1873 - P.E.I. joins Confederation
1871 - European-American railway completed fromHalifaxthrough NB to Maine.
1873 - Joseph Howe appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia ; he died 3 weeks later.
1873 - Adolphus Gaetz died.
1876 - Intercolonial railway completed betweenHalifaxand Quebec.
1876 - Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone; construction of the first internal combustion engine.
1878 - Mr G Westhaver of Mahone Bay patented The Housewife's Friend, a washing machine.
1879 - Invention of the incandescent light bulb.
1880 - Founding of the Panama Canal Company.
1883 - First appearance of the Marxist party in Russia.
1887 - Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee.
1889 - Europe swept by labour strikes.
1880 - Founding of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company.
1881 - Fisheries Agreement with the U.S.A.
1885 - Completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
1886 - Inauguration of trans-continental service.
1889 - Eliza Ritchie received a PhD at Cornell University to become the first Canadian woman to earn a doctorate.
1884 - Wives could now own their own property inNova Scotia.
1887 - Anna Leonowens ("Anna and the King of Siam") founded the Victoria School of Art and Design (now the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design).
1889 - Bandstand built in Lunenburg; train line extended to Lunenburg from Bridgewater and Middleton.
1880 - Ottawa 's National Gallery founded.
1881 - Rodin produced The Thinker.
1882 - Isolation of the tuberculosis bacillus.
1885 - Construction of the first automobile using gasoline.
1886 - George Eastman invents the first cinematic camera.
1889 - The Eiffel Tower is erected in Paris.
1890 - The Sherman Anti-Trust Act enacted in the U.S.A.
1894 - War between China and Japan.
1898 - The Spanish-American war; the U.S. invades the Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam; annexation of Hawaii by the U.S.
1899 - Outbreak of the Boer War.
1891 - Death of John A. Macdonald.
1896 - Gold discovered in the Klondike; new boundaries given to Quebec.
1898 - Yukon becomes a separate District from the North-West Territories.
1899 - The first Canadian contingent leaves for South Africa.
1893 - First Academy in Lunenburg burnt to the ground.
1894 - Annie Isabella Hamilton became the first woman to graduate as a M.D. from Dalhousie Medical School.
1895 - New Academy opened in Lunenburg on Gallows Hill.
1896 - Lunenburg Foundry opened.
1898 - Lunenburg hockey team formed, called Victoria.
1899 - Bridgewater NS incorporated.
1890 - Van Gogh died.
1891 - Pavlov discovers the "conditioned reflex".
1892 - Lorentz discovers the electron.
1895 - F. Bell Smith paints a portrait of Queen Victoria.
1898 - Pierre and Marie Curie discover radium.
1899 - Foundation stone of the Victoria & Albert Museum laid in London.
1900 - The Boxer Rebellion in China.
1901 - Death of Queen Victoria ; the Commonwealth of Australia comes into being.
1902 - Boer War over; peace treaty signed on 31st May.
1901 - Canadian military return from the Boer War; this was the first time that Canadians fought in an international theatre of war.
1902 - Last public hanging in Canada.
1901 - Population of Nova Scotia just less than 460,000.
1901 - Death of Pictou-born George Mercer Dawson, who helped survey the route of the Canadian Pacific Railway in BC.
1900 - First trans-ocean telegraph communication between Cornwall in Great Britain and Newfoundland.
1902 - Marconi set up the first trans-ocean wireless station near Glace Bay, Cape Breton.