Timeline: 1830 to 1901

The WorldCanadaAtlantic ProvincesArt and Technology

1830 -   Revolutions in France, Poland etc.

1834 -   Slavery abolished throughout theBritish Empire.

1837 -   Queen Victoria begins her reign.

1832 -   Inauguration of the Rideau Canal

1834 -   York becomes Toronto

1837 -   The Mackenzie uprising in Toronto

1838 -   Execution of Lount and Mathews, who were leaders of the uprising.

1838 -   Acadia University founded.

1839 -   Lunenburg granted free port status.

1839 -   The Sampson, one of Atlantic Canada's first steam locomotives, goes into service between Albion Mines and Pictou harbour.

1830 -   Invention of the sewing machine.

1836 -   Haliburton's Clockmaker.

1837 -   Daguerre's first daguerreotype; invention of the electric telegraph.

1838 -   First state portrait of Queen Victoria by Sir George Hayter.

1840 -   The Penny Black, the world's first adhesive stamp, issued in Britain.

1844 -   Texas annexed to the U.S.

1845 -   Terrible famine in Ireland .

1846 -   Corn laws repealed in Great Britain.

1846 -   U.S. war with Mexico .
1847 -   Beginning of the California gold rush; U.S. troops occupy Mexico City .
1848 -   Revolution in France.

1840 - Act of Union of the Canadas .

1841 -   Union of the Canadas with the capital in Kingston.

1844 -   Montreal the capital of Canada.

1849 -   Burning of the parliament building in Montreal; Toronto becomes the capital.

1840 -   Carbonear riot in Newfoundland.

1842 -   Charles Dickens visited Halifax.

1846 -   Abraham Gesner distilled oil from coal (kerosene) and tested it in a lighthouse in Halifax harbour.

1847 -   Reform victory in Nova Scotia.

1848 -   Nova Scotia becomes the first British Colony to win responsible government.

1840 - Samuel Cunard starts the first regular mail steamers between Britain and America.

1840 -   Painter Claude Monet born; sculptor Auguste Rodin born.

1841 -   Sir James Clark Ross explores the antarctic and discovers Ross Ice Shelf and Mt. Erebus.

1846 -   Richard Redgrave painted The Sempstress.

1850 -   Gold is discovered in Australia.

1851 -   The Great Exhibition in London.

1852 -   Napoleon III (nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte)  becomes Emperor of France.

1854 -   Commander Perry forced a trade treaty on Japan.

1854 - 1856 Crimean War.

1857 -   Indian Mutiny.

1858 -   The Crown takes over company administration of India.

1858 -   Mainland British Columbia becomes a separate Crown colony.

1859 -   Quebec the capital; start of government buildings inOttawa.

1851 -   Nova Scotia issued its first postage stamp.

1854 -   Nova Scotia held an industrial exhibition at Province House.

1855 -   Newfoundland ratifies reciprocity; responsible government there and in P.E.I.

1855 -   Adolphus Gaetz begins writing his diary about events in Lunenburg.

1858 -   Governor Earl Mulgrave and his wife visited Lunenburg.

1850 -   Founding of the Reuters news agency.

1851 -   Sir Edwin Landseer painted The Monarch of the Glen.

1851 -   Invention of the rotary printing press.

1853 -   Vincent van Gogh born.

1854 -   Otis invents the hydraulic elevator.

1854 -   Florence Nightingale arrived in Scutari in the Crimea and set about improving hospital conditions.

1859 -   Darwin publishes The Origin of Species.

1860 -   Abraham Lincoln elected U.S. President; beginning of the U.S. Civil War.

1861 -   Prince Albert (Queen Victoria 's husband) died of typhoid.

1863 -   Battle of Gettysburg marks the turning point of the Civil War.

1864 -   Founding of the International Red Cross.

1865 -   End of the U.S. Civil War; freedom for all slaves; President Abraham Lincoln assassinated.

1866 -   First transatlantic telegraph cable laid.

1867 -   U.S. purchases Alaska from the Czar.

1869 -   Wyoming gives the vote to women; Suez Canal completed.

1864 -   Charlottetown conference on Confederation.

1865 -   Province of Canada votes for Confederation and its ministers go toLondon.

1866 -   The Westminster conference on Confederation.

1867 -   London votes through the British North America Act; Confederation inaugurated July 1st with John A. Macdonald the first Prime Minister.

1869 -   Canada purchases the North-West Territories.

1863 -   Conservative victory installs pro-Confederation Tupper government in Nova Scotia.

1864 -   Free School Act passed.

1865 -   First Academy built in Lunenburg.

1865 -   Newfoundlanders reject Confederation.

1866 -   584 km of railway track laid in the Maritimes.

1866 -   Tupper pushes Confederation through in Nova Scotia.

1868 -   A wave of secessionism in Nova Scotia led by Joseph Howe. 1869 -   Velocipede craze reaches Lunenburg.

1861 -   Invention of the velocipede; Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management published.

1864 -   Alfred Nobel invents nitroglycerine.

1865 -   First manufacture of reinforced concrete.

1866 -   Nobel discovers dynamite; Dostoievsky's Crime and Punishment.

1868 -   Discovery of helium.

1869 -   The first manufacture of margarine.

1870 -   The fall of Napoleon.

1873 -   Dr Livingstone died in Africa.

1874 -   Founding of the International Postal Union.

1877 -   Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India.

1878 -   Foundation of the Salvation Army.

1870 -   Manitoba becomes the fifth Province; British Columbia joins the Confederation.

1873 -   P.E.I. joins Confederation

1871 -   European-American railway completed fromHalifaxthrough NB to Maine.

1873 -   Joseph Howe appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia ; he died 3 weeks later.

1873 -   Adolphus Gaetz died.

1876 -   Intercolonial railway completed betweenHalifaxand Quebec.

1876 -   Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone; construction of the first internal combustion engine.

1878 -   Mr G Westhaver of Mahone Bay patented The Housewife's Friend, a washing machine.

1879 -   Invention of the incandescent light bulb.

1880 -   Founding of the Panama Canal Company.

1883 -   First appearance of the Marxist party in Russia.

1887 -   Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee.

1889 -   Europe swept by labour strikes.

1880 -   Founding of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company.

1881 -   Fisheries Agreement with the U.S.A.

1885 -   Completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway.

1886 -   Inauguration of trans-continental service.

1889 -   Eliza Ritchie received a PhD at Cornell University to become the first Canadian woman to earn a doctorate.

1884 -   Wives could now own their own property inNova Scotia.

1887 -   Anna Leonowens ("Anna and the King of Siam") founded the Victoria School of Art and Design (now the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design).

1889 -   Bandstand built in Lunenburg; train line extended to Lunenburg from Bridgewater and Middleton.

1880 -   Ottawa 's National Gallery founded.

1881 -   Rodin produced The Thinker.

1882 -   Isolation of the tuberculosis bacillus.

1885 -   Construction of the first automobile using gasoline.

1886 -   George Eastman invents the first cinematic camera.

1889 -   The Eiffel Tower is erected in Paris.

1890 -   The Sherman Anti-Trust Act enacted in the U.S.A.

1894 -   War between China and Japan.

1898 -   The Spanish-American war; the U.S. invades the Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam; annexation of Hawaii by the U.S.

1899 -   Outbreak of the Boer War.

1891 -   Death of John A. Macdonald.

1896 -   Gold discovered in the Klondike; new boundaries given to Quebec.

1898 -   Yukon becomes a separate District from the North-West Territories.

1899 -   The first Canadian contingent leaves for South Africa.

1893 -   First Academy in Lunenburg burnt to the ground.

1894 -   Annie Isabella Hamilton became the first woman to graduate as a M.D. from Dalhousie Medical School.

1895 -   New Academy opened in Lunenburg on Gallows Hill.

1896 -   Lunenburg Foundry opened.

1898 -   Lunenburg hockey team formed, called Victoria.

1899 -   Bridgewater NS incorporated.

1890 -   Van Gogh died.

1891 -   Pavlov discovers the "conditioned reflex".

1892 -   Lorentz discovers the electron.

1895 -   F. Bell Smith paints a portrait of Queen Victoria.

1898 -   Pierre and Marie Curie discover radium.

1899 -   Foundation stone of the Victoria & Albert Museum laid in London.

1900 -   The Boxer Rebellion in China.

1901 -   Death of Queen Victoria ; the Commonwealth of Australia comes into being.

1902 -   Boer War over; peace treaty signed on 31st May.

1901 -   Canadian military return from the Boer War; this was the first time that Canadians fought in an international theatre of war.

1902 -   Last public hanging in Canada.

1901 -   Population of Nova Scotia just less than 460,000.

1901 -   Death of Pictou-born George Mercer Dawson, who helped survey the route of the Canadian Pacific Railway in BC.

1900 -   First trans-ocean telegraph communication between Cornwall in Great Britain and Newfoundland.

1902 -   Marconi set up the first trans-ocean wireless station near Glace Bay, Cape Breton.